Post-16 options for young people with
learning difficulties/disabilities can be the same as for other
young people – see link to What are the
options after Year 11?
However, there may be particular considerations about these
options for young people with learning difficulties/disabilities.
Also, in certain cases you may have the option of going to a
specialist independent school or college or being part of a day or
See below for details of the options and support available:
Local Further Education Colleges
Many FE colleges have a Learning Support or Additional Needs
Co-ordinator who will be able to advise on any specific help for
courses within the college.
Special Needs Courses
Many local FE colleges offer specific courses for students with
learning difficulties/disabilities and they can cater for a variety
of disabilities. These courses are often preparation for FE,
training or employment. Much of the emphasis is on support with
literacy, numeracy, work preparation and social skills.
Support with transport costs may be available for students with
learning difficulties/disabilities attending local FE colleges.
This is means tested and parents may have to contribute towards the
cost. You should check with the college and Local Authority to find
out if you are eligible for help.
It is sometimes possible to have transport provided (ie a taxi)
in exceptional circumstances. You will need to check this with your
Access funds from local FE colleges may help towards transport
costs or Social Care Services may provide transport for post-19
students who are unable to travel independently.
See link to Money Matters for further
Specialist Further Education
A number of residential and mainly independent FE colleges and
schools exist throughout the country providing post-16 education
for a variety of special educational needs. These may be an option
only if there is no suitable further education available or if you
can meet the costs. Your Connexions Personal Adviser can give you
details and advice on these and funding or sponsorships available.
Alternatively, you can contact your LA.
Apprenticeships, Jobs and Work Based Learning
See link to Jobs and Apprenticeships
for further details.
Contact your Connexions Personal Adviser for details on work
There is specialised job search support for people with learning
disabilities/difficulties. The Disability Employment Adviser at the
Jobcentre Plus office works closely with disabled people seeking
employment and can help to arrange special support schemes.
Voluntary and Supported Work, Day Services, Residential
Sheltered Work and Residential Homes
The Local Authority Social Care – Children’s Services and Adult
Services - offer a range of opportunities for people who may
need specific support in working and living.
Contact your Connexions Personal Adviser or Social Care Services
for details of what is available in your area.
Moving On Action Plan (S139a)
An assessment of young people with learning difficulties and /or
disabilities will take place when you are likely to undertake
post-16 education or training. The responsibility for doing this
has been given to Connexions through the Local Authority. The
Moving On Action Plan will be written in your final year at
The purpose of the Moving On Action Plan is to give the
education or training provider information about your needs which
will help them to make sure appropriate support is available. This
could include educational, training, social or health needs.
For further details about any of the options or support listed
above, contact your local Connexions Centre – see link to Connexions Centres – or contact your Local